A Guide to Small Goat Breeds

Posted by Jennifer Sartell, Professional Homesteader & Blogger, Thu, Apr 12, 2018

I believe wholeheartedly that anyone should be able to enjoy a farm experience if they have the desire. Homesteading should not be reserved only for people who can afford large pieces of property.

Farm animals, if raised correctly with proper fencing, regular bedding changes and the right number of animals for the space, could theoretically be kept in even the smallest of yards.

Neighborhood laws and association rules aside, a few bantam hens or quail for eggs, a small garden, and a couple of small dairy goats make less noise and cause fewer odors than outdoor cats and barking dogs, in my opinion.

While small goat breeds are convenient for people with a small yard, they should not be reserved just for those with limited space. Mini breeds can be a smart addition to any size farm.

We’ve only ever raised large-breed goats—mainly Nubians and Alpines, which can weigh up to 200 pounds or more. We also raise Angoras, which are more of a medium-size breed weighing in at 75–150 pounds. In my own experience, even the 30-pound difference between our Angora goats and our Nubians is notable; I have a much easier time managing the Angoras than I do the Nubians. Two of our goats weigh more than I do, and they’re strong! If they want something, there’s little I can do to physically stop them. (Thankfully, sweet feed goes a long way when it comes to training a goat.)

While I love our big lugs, with their floppy ears and large personalities, I’ve often wondered if smaller breeds aren’t a better way to go.

Here are 5 Reasons to Raise a Mini Breed of Goat: 

  1. They’re Cute. It’s hard to deny that miniature goats are absolutely adorable. Even if you’re not interested in goats’ usefulness, they make great pets and are stinking cute!
  2. They Eat Less. More than once, after a trip to the feed store to purchase grain for our large-breed goats, I’ve re-examined the receipt and thought, “Maybe we should get minis instead.” Smaller bellies need less food, which can ease the strain on your pocketbook.
  3. They Need Less Space. As we mentioned above, smaller goats can do well on a smaller piece of pasture.
  4. They Need Less Fencing. Less pasture means less fencing that has to be put up. You can also use shorter fencing, which is less expensive. Small breeds do fine with smaller housing as well. A recycled doghouse will provide nice shelter for a mini breed.
  5. They are Easier to Handle. Goats can be willful, and a 50-pound goat likes to play and jump just as much as a 200-pound goat. Smaller breeds cause less wear on fencing and buildings. They can also be great for children or people with health restrictions.
  6. They are Less Expensive to Buy. Smaller goats cost less. Breeders of mini breeds often don’t charge as much as what you’d pay for some of the larger breeds. You should be able to find a quality homestead mini goat for anywhere from $50 to $200, depending on the lineage. 

Below is a Guide to the Two Most Popular Mini Breeds in the US:

Nigerian Dwarf

The Nigerian Dwarf is a West African breed raised for dairy production. They are excellent milkers for their size. They weigh an average of around 70 pounds (that’s 15 pounds less than our Golden Retriever) and stand on average about 21 inches high.

Nigerian Dwarfs can produce up to a half gallon of milk a day. And unlike other mini breeds they have full-size teats, which makes hand-milking easier. Smaller teats can be hard to grip, causing milking to become a hand-cramping chore.

If you’re looking for a mini breed, chances are the Nigerian Dwarf is the complete package.


The Pygmy is also an African breed. They tend to weigh a bit more than the Nigerian Dwarf, up to 85 pounds. This short, stocky breed is meant for meat.

Because they are not high milk producers and have smaller teats, most often they are raised as pets or companion animals. They are also used to cross-breed with larger goats to create smaller versions of the larger breed.

Some Popular Crosses:

Mini Nubians

Mini Nubians are gaining popularity in the United States. The Nubian produces the highest butterfat content of all milkers; however, the members of this large breed are known for their high energy levels. It’s becoming a popular practice to cross Pygmies with Nubians to create smaller versions of the dairy breed. The resulting generations often produce high-butterfat milk and boast the same adorable floppy ears as the Nubians.


A Pygora goat is a cross between a Pygmy and an Angora. The resulting goat can produce a cashmere-like coat that is very valuable to hand spinners. The coat is combed out (similar to a shedding dog), collected and spun into a luxurious yarn.

If you’re at all interested in raising goats, I encourage you research these adorable mini breeds. Their tiny size might fit into your life and homestead perfectly!

Jennifer Sartell, Professional Homesteader and Blogger

Jennifer Sartell is the primary care taker of all animals on her and her husband’s farm in Fenton, MI. With a passion for living a simple life, Jennifer enjoys creating art, taking in nature, raising animals and has developed a deep appreciation for homesteading. Jennifer and her husband, Zach, currently raise goats and poultry. Her vast amount of experience on the farm includes, but is not limited to: milking, shearing, hoof trimming, vaccine administration, assisting in animal births, dehorning, egg collecting, chick and turkey hatching, feeding, watering, etc. She can also cook a mean farm-to-table meal and when the day is done has documented and photographed their day on the farm.


Ozark John 05/20/2022, 11:52:56 AM

What would be a good breed for a pair of suburban mini pack goats?

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