Raising Chickens: Baby Chicks in 3 Easy Steps

Posted by Candice Johns, Fri, Feb 26, 2016; Updated 3/13/2023

how to raise baby chicks in 3 steps

I don’t know about your neck of the woods, but around here it’s baby chick time. They are at all the farm stores. They are at the feed mill. They are at the horse supply. Here a chick, there a chick, everywhere a chick chick.

Baby chicks, baby ducks, baby guineas and baby poultry are everywhere! The easiest way to care for baby chicks is to let the hen do it for you. The hen keeps the baby chicks warm, teaches them how to drink, and even shows them how to scratch and peck for food.

If you don’t have a broody hen to take care of the baby chicks, you will need to do these things for them.

Raising baby chicks is easy. Raising baby chicks is inexpensive. Raising baby chicks is rewarding and fun. You can do this!

There are entire books written about raising chickens. Today, I am going to boil all those books down into three easy steps. Here’s all you need to know in order to get started with baby chicks:

Must-Have Baby Chick Supplies

  1. Heat
  2. Food and water
  3. Something to live in

Baby chicks are usually sent home in a small box. Our local farm supply stores have a minimum of six chicks per order. The baby chicks will keep each other warm with their body heat during the trip home. Once they get to their new home, they will need some special chick care.

#1: Heat

The most important thing is to keep them warm—really warm. Most baby chicks don’t die from illness, lack of food or dehydration, but are far more likely to die from being cold. A 70° barn, garage or home is too cold for them. They need mama-hen temperature, which is much warmer.

Since you are not a mama hen, you will need a brooder. A brooder is a heated enclosure in which young chicks (or any fowl) are raised. A brooder need not be fancy or expensive. It can be as simple as a metal tub with a heat lamp above the chicks to keep them toasty.

After the heat lamp is installed, observe the chicks. If the chicks are all huddled together directly underneath the heat lamp, they’re too cold. Move the lamp closer to the ground. If they are on the other side of the cage trying to get away from the heat lamp, they’re too hot. Raise the lamp up away from the ground. If they are freely moving about the cage, coop or container, they are comfortable. The heat lamp is in the right spot.

As the chicks grow, they won’t need as much heat. Keep an eye on them. Continue to adjust the heat lamp as they grow and become less dependent on it for warmth.

#2: Food

This is easy—give them food. There are several feeders available that work great. I like to use a feeder that uses a Mason jar because I have hundreds of them. Check out the Harris Farms® Free Range® 1 Quart Screw-On Fount Base.

To use a Mason jar feeder, fill the jar with baby chick starter, screw on the bottom and turn it upside down. The food will be gravity fed into the bottom as the chicks eat it.


I use a chicken waterer that also features a Mason jar (since I am long on them). It works the same way as the Mason jar–style feeder: Fill the Mason jar with water, screw the bottom on, turn it upside down and place it in the brooder. Check out the Harris Farms Free Range Baby Chick Feeder for Quart Jar.

If you haven’t yet heard, chickens are not that bright. You’ll learn this soon enough once you get yours. You could provide three gallons of water in the middle of their brooder, and they could still die from dehydration unless someone shows them where the water is.

To ensure that the chicks know where the wet stuff is, dip their beaks in the water.

#3: Housing

Our babies usually begin their lives on our farm, residing in a large storage tub in an upstairs bathroom. This is convenient since we enjoy visiting our little yellow fluffballs regularly. Once they learn how to fly out of the container, hop around the room and poop on things I don’t want poop on, they get to relocate to the barn where we have a larger brooder.  

You can use a bunny hutch, a metal bin, a stock tank, a homemade coop or many other creative systems for the brooder. Make sure that there is plenty of air circulation and they can’t fly out.

That’s it: Food, water and a heated home (brooder).

We check on the babies at least twice a day to give them food, water, and fresh bedding, adjust the heat lamp, and take care of anything else they need.

How to Raise Baby Chicks Using an Egg Incubator

An alternative to buying baby chicks at a feed store or via a catalog is to hatch your own using an incubator. Check out this video from YolkTube by City Yolks that breaks down the supplies, tools and instructions you'll need to hatch your very own baby chicks!


Raising Baby Chicks Downloadables

Manna Pro is here to help on every step of your chick-raising journey. Click the buttons below to download copies of our egg laying guide and chick feeding guide!



Candice Johns

Candi has spent many years growing and striving toward a more self-sufficient life. She grows vegetables, kills chickens, swims with pigs, milks a cow, and loves anything homesteading. She lives out in the country with her husband and 4 awesome children. She likes doing things the old fashioned way.


Savanna Arnold 04/18/2016, 12:52:45 PM

Would it be easy for me to raise more than 6 chicks in a home?

Dave Waldman 04/20/2016, 12:53:10 PM

It really depends on whether you are new to raising chickens or not. Six is generally a good number to start with in your home. In most municipalities, 6 is usually the limit as well. If you are new to raising chicks, we would recommend starting conservatively, however it will really depend on what you feel comfortable doing.

Thelma Dickinson 05/30/2016, 12:53:34 PM

Thank you for all of the good info. I live in town and we only allowed 2 chickens. So I am looking forward to getting 2 beautiful ladies.

Paul R Haack 10/04/2020, 5:26:48 PM

I have a metal shed that was over my well I am using for a coop made a run for them, They g et fed two time a day I clipped one wing so they cannot fly, But I have one that picks on one hen ! {way}

Simeo 10/16/2020, 11:44:09 PM

Interested in knowing how much space a 1000 chicks need for brooding and where can I get a good brooder heater

Motlalepula Isaac 12/19/2020, 8:41:21 AM

I love chicken farming

Paula 02/08/2021, 3:49:46 PM

Love you site

Ruth 03/03/2021, 5:03:16 AM

I need a booster hearter to hold a1000 chicks how can I get it

Kelween 03/17/2021, 11:02:43 PM

What can i use for raniket vaccine we dont have it as small amount. Thank you

S.young 04/17/2021, 6:55:03 PM

Please explain raniket and is the vaccine necessary.

Ada Abbas 04/28/2021, 9:50:18 PM

will my chick feel lonely if I just raise one chick?

Chukwuma Elebe 05/15/2021, 10:59:58 PM

Thanks for your teaching.
I started a new farm and for past few days ago my chicken has been dying

In reply to by Chukwuma Elebe

Pam 08/03/2021, 9:50:17 AM

I’ve only had my 6 baby chicks for two days. The smallest of them died just about an hour ago. I’m pretty sure she got too cold. It is heartbreaking watching the little chick peep as much as she could to be a part of the little flock. It has been so warm here even at night so I didn’t put the lamp on. Last night I realized it got down to 74 degrees. I feel bad that I didn’t get the heat right.

Ntabiseng 07/25/2021, 11:25:10 AM

Haai I started raised I day old chick but they are dying what can I give them to avoid dying ,at the moment they are 3 days I give them starter epol, stress pack to the water

Andy bakers 10/24/2021, 9:05:19 AM

Thanks for training

Gregory 04/17/2022, 9:58:17 AM

I have reared chick for many years locally and they did not survive now i have learnt more

Moses 05/18/2022, 4:44:46 PM

mine started dying after 6weeks I lose almost 30 of them

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